The Municipal Health Office (MHO) directly provides basic health services to the people covering primary
health care such as maternal and child care, family planning, nutrition, immunization program,
micronutrient supplementation, communicable and non-communicable disease control services, dental
care services, environmental sanitation and health education. The Rural Health Units of the municipality
are composed of one Main Health Center and three Barangay Health Stations (BHS). The Main Health
Center (MHC) serves the whole municipality and is under administrative and technical supervision of the
LGU. The MHC is a Basic Emergency Maternal and Obstetrical New Born Care (BEMONC) facility and
complies with Phil Health accreditation standards for OPB package, maternity care package and TB-
DOTS package. The MHC is located in the urban center at barangay San Antonio in a co-location of the
LGU main building at the ground floor area.
Health human resources of the MHO is composed of one (1) medical doctor, one (1) nurse, one (1) rural
health midwife, one (1) rural sanitary inspector. The pool of volunteers composed of thirty (30)
Barangay Health Workers (BHWs) and eight (8) Barangay Nutrition Scholars assists the LGU medical
personnel in the delivery of community health services.
Prevalence of underweight and severely underweight 0-59 is at 4.7% in 2019 compared to 3.1% in
2018. Among other health development indicator is the percentage of fully immunized child at a rate of
98% in 2019 with a slight increase from a rate of 95% in 2018. An increase of 5% for the percentage of
infants (0-6 months old) exclusively breastfeed from the health data in 2018 at a rate of 60%.
Crude Birth Rate remains in the range of 24.00 to 10.00 since 2014 to 2019 with an average annual
population growth rate of 4.21%. The common causes of infant deaths are still pneumonia, immaturity,
diarrhea, and respiratory distress syndrome. Maternal mortality rate was recorded only in 2016 at one
(1) case. Morbidity causes for all age groups include acute respiratory infections, diarrhea, diseases
of the heart, influenza, and various accidents. The leading causes of deaths are cardiovascular
diseases, pneumonia, different forms of malignancies, and accidents.
Basic intervention strategies in maternal care program are prenatal, natal, postnatal and family
planning services. Prenatal services in public health facilities include monitoring of women’s weights,
blood pressure, urine, haemoglobin/haematocrit, dental check-up, and tetanus toxoid vaccinations. The
contraceptive prevalence (including the current users of family planning) is 37%.
The expanded program on immunization, control of diarrhea and acute respiratory tract infection, the
nutrition program, and dental health program are the interventions in child care. Fully immunized
children is at 98% rate in 2019, and only 65% of infants (0-6months old) exclusively breastfeed. The
strategies adapted in the nutrition program include micronutrient supplementation, food fortification,
and dietary diversification. Food supplementation is still implemented by Local Government Units
including the barangay LGUs, schools and non-government organizations.
In 2019, the municipality recorded eighteen (18) positive cases of dengue (10 males & 8 Females) with
EDUCATION, CULTURE, AND SPORTS
Tunga’s learning institutions is from preparatory to secondary education inclusive of its senior high
There are four (4) public elementary schools, one (1) public high school, and one private school with
preparatory to elementary level.
The public elementary schools in the Tunga district is comprised of one (1) central school, three (3)
elementary schools, one (1) high school up to senior high, and one primary schools dispersed in all
(8) barangays of the municipality. These school sites are mainly located in the built-up areas of urban
rural barangays and have an aggregate land area of about 3.664 hectares. In terms of site ownership,
none of the school sites are titled to the DepEd, zero or no site are owned by the LGU while one (1)
is in privately owned land.
In 2018, the Municipal Government appropriated PhP 558,632.57 from the Special Education Fund (SEF)
to support the education services in the municipality. Of the total appropriations, 91.33% or PhP
510,221.89 was expended.
The Schools Division of Tunga, Leyte, with its 1,414 elementary, 1,226 junior high school and 972 senior
high school public school learners strongly adhered to the thrusts and design of the Transforming the
School Education System Project with focus on access to primary and secondary education, improvement
of the quality of education and strengthening of the governance and delivery of education services.
The elementary enrolment showed an increase from school year 2015-2016 to school year 2016-2017 by
a rate of 1.65% and a decrease in school year 2017-2018 at a rate of 0.21%. Per planning standards,
only a maximum of 2% decrease is allowed with at least 2% increase in the said performance indicator.
The increase/decrease of enrolment is attributed to the migration of families and/or transfer of
The Junior High School enrolment, experienced a decrease of 2.77% between school year 2016-2017 to
school year 2017-2018. On the other hand, for the Senior High School in increases a massive 207.59%
from the period of school year 2016-2017 to school year 2017-2018. The increases across the school
years were due to the advocacy of adopt-a-pupil/student program, home visitation, intensive campaign
for enrolment, monitoring and partnership with 4Ps Program, regular meeting with the Parent-Teachers
Association, “No Collection” Policy, Alternative Delivery Mode (ADM), Oplan Balik Eskwela Campaign
and the available “STRANDS” for senior high schools offered by Gregorio C. Catenza Nat’l High School.
The increase in the senior high school enrolment is a positive outgrowth of the effort made by the
division with the support of the local government unit (LGU) and other key stakeholders in ensuring that
grade 10 completers move to grade 11 and grade 11 to grade 12.
It can be assumed that a large number of those 12-15 age range captured by the GCCNHS are actually
coming from the neighbouring barangays of Barugo, Carigara and Jaro considering the convenience of
going to a much nearer school than travelling to the schools of their mother municipalities.
The number of enrolees of the lone private school of Tunga, Leyte that caters primary and elementary
education was seventy-one (71) in SY 2017-2018. The zero-dropout rate in the elementary level for three
successive school years is commendable. This means a well-managed school-home-community
relationship, Adopt-a-Child Program, intensified guidance program, and close monitoring of attendance.
The division aimed for a zero-dropout rate in the secondary level as provided in DepEd Order No. 74, s.
2010, the guidelines on mainstreaming the dropout reduction program in (DORP) in the public secondary
schools. However, statistics showed that for the past three school years, the drop out numbers was
fluctuating. This demonstrated the learners’ lack of interest in going to school due to financial and
The local police and the fire fighting force primarily undertake the protective services and maintenance
peace, order and public safety.
The Tunga Police Station had a total strength of thirty (30) personnel consisting of One (1) Police
Commissioned Officers; twenty-five (25) Police Non-Commissioned Personnel; and four (4) Non-
Uniformed Personnel. This translated to a ratio of 1:253, which means that each policeman in the
was serving at least 253 inhabitants. Such was high the standard policeman to population ratio of
Tunga Fire Station had a personnel strength of 9, which translated to a ratio of 1 fireman: 843
While this ratio is already an improvement from last year’s ratio of 1:1,264, clearly there is no gap in
manpower requirement considering that the standard ratio is 1 fireman to 2,000 population. The 9
personnel were all stationed in the BFP station located at the Tunga Municipal Grounds occupying an
area of 300 sq. m.
There are also barangay tanods stationed and mobilized in all barangays supporting the local police
in maintaining peace and order in the locality. In terms of building and facilities for protective
police station and a fire station are located both in the municipal compound, and a municipal jail is
the police station. To facilitate the delivery of services and provide immediate action when
demands, the local police force is equipped with one (1) patrol vehicles and the fire-fighters are
with one (1) mini-fire truck.
The comparative crime incidence by barangay for the period of 2017 to 2018 indicates a decrease of
26.09% in the total crime volume compared to the previous year. However, there was an increase of
33.33% on RIR to Physical Injuries attributed to the rise in the number of vehicular accidents as well
the increase in the accomplishments on Special Laws and other non-index crimes (e.g. illegal logging &
illegal gambling, etc.).
t was observed that there was no recorded or zero crime incidence in barangay Banawang (Rural) for
the past two (2) years. In barangay Santo Niño (Urban) there was also a zero-crime incidence in 2018.
It was in barangay Astorga and barangay Balire that their crime incidence remains in volume for the past
two (2) years. However, in barangay San Roque there was no recorded crime in 2017 but in 2018 there
were four (4) crime incidents inclusive the Consummated Violation of PD 1602 (Illegal Gambling).
The local economy of Tunga is basically agricultural. About 46.00% of gainful workers rely on crop
production and farm labor for livelihood and sustenance. Agricultural lands comprise 84.99% of the total
land area of the municipality or an approximate area of 747.52 hectares. Coconut occupies about 67.12%
of the total agricultural lands, followed by palay at 23.34%, while other crops occupies only 9.34%. The
total peso-value of the agricultural crop production in 2019 is estimated to be P38,815,098.56.
Coconut, the local commercial export crop is the primary crop being produced constituting 65.97% of the
total peso-value of the total agricultural crop production. The total estimated peso-value of the entire
agricultural crops produced and the yield is estimated at 1,048.64 metric tons of copra in 2019.
Palay, the staple food of many Filipino, rank second in terms of volume produced. In 2019, a total of
629.95 metric tons of palay was produced where the average yield per hectare per year is 3,610
kilograms. The supply of palay is sufficient enough to meet the demand of the population in the
municipality. Banana and cassava rank third and fourth in terms of peso value with 4.52% and 4.51% of
the total peso-value of total crop production. The local production of fruits, vegetables and legumes is
estimated at 182.05 metric tons while the root crop production is at 70.78 metric tons in 2019.
Poultry and livestock are secondary sources of income of most farming families in Tunga. Swine and
chicken whether native or hybrid is raised by more families compared to the other species of livestock
and fowls. Swine are usually grown in the backyard for very small-scale commercial purposes with
breeding stocks ranging from 2 to less than 7 breeders. The present cattle population in the
is still very miniscule. Carabaos are usually raised and utilized for farm labor as substitute to
there are those who sell carabaos to traders. Native and hybrid chicken are either raised for household
consumption or sold in the neighborhood or in the market whenever the family is in need of additional
cash. Few families raise goats and other domestic food animals either for commercial or domestic
consumptions. The total peso-value of livestock and poultry production in 2019 is estimated at
P30,981,500. There were 2,158 swine, 9,064 chickens, 360 ducks, 754 carabaos, 369 goats and 67 cattle
Carabao, rank first which constitutes 60.84% of the total estimated peso-value of the entire value per
poultry and livestock. However, the municipality produced a remarkable number of head for chicken at
9,064 but it only comprises at third in terms of total value production at 7.31%. Swine consistently
second in terms of total value production of P6,474,000.00 or at 20.90% and a total number of heads
produced at 2,158 heads. The local value production of poultry is estimated at P2,356,000.00 (7.60%)
while the livestock value production is at P28,625,500.00 or at 92.40% of the percent total.
Various support infrastructures to agriculture are in place catering to the needs of farmers and
workers. Agricultural farms facilities are mostly for palay and HVCC production. These include hand
tractors, sprayers, irrigation system, solar and mechanical dryers, threshers, rice mills and storage
facilities, and farm-to-market roads.
TRADE, INDUSTRY, AND TOURISM
There are 140 registered businesses from the tertiary sector in 2019 which are engaged in trade,
transportation, finance and business service, and community, social and personal services. Majority of
these establishments are wholesale and retail stores selling various kinds of merchandise including
fish and vegetable dealers. There are also service shops, eateries, bakeries, food processors,
and amusement centers and video shops. Buying stations of copra, rice mill and gasoline/refilling
are also thriving. Trading and business transaction in Tunga are concentrated mainly at the Central
Business District (CBD) in the town center. The highlights of CBD are the Tunga Public Market, Tunga
Central School, Tunga Social Hall, Municipal Hall, and the line of commercial establishments where
commodity trading stations, wholesale and retail variety stores, financial institutions and service
Industries in Tunga are primarily agriculture-based. In 2019, there are only 8 registered establishments
belong to the secondary sector where five are rice mills, one is engaged in construction, and two are
copra buying stations. Several home-based food and meat processors, local sausages and meat
processing. Most of the existing local industries are light and generate non-hazardous wastes.
In 2018, there was an increase of 36 business establishment comprising a percentage rate of 29.50% for
a total of 158 registered businesses establishment. And in 2019, it went down at a rate of 6.33% or a
of 10 businesses establishments.
The employment rate in 2019 is 95.7% while the labor force participation rate is at 61.5% 1 . Of the
documented 2,141 gainful workers in 2010, 27.42% are laborers and unskilled workers, 23.45% are
farmers and forestry workers, 6.49% are trade and related workers, 8.92% are either government or non-
government organization workers, managers, proprietors and supervisors while 9.11% are service and
sales workers. In terms of place of work, 82.50% of gainful workers works in the same municipality,
8.36% works in a different municipality, 3.24% in a different province while 5.90% works in a foreign
country. By major kind of business or industry, most of Tunga’s gainful workers or 41.84% are employed
in agriculture, followed by 11.72% that are in transportation and storage, 9.76% wholesale and retail
8.22% are in construction and 6.26% are in activities of public administrative and defence. By class of
workers, 38% of gainful workers worked for private business/enterprise/farm, 32% are self-employed
without any paid employee, 12.3% worked for government/government corporation, 10.32% worked
without any pay in own family farm or business while 4.67% worked for private households (domestic
Tunga has many potential tourist spots varying from natural parks, viewing areas along Tunga and
Naliwatan Rivers. The famous tourism attractions in the municipality are the Beengo Farm, St. Anthony
of Padua Roman Catholic Church, Aurora’s Garden Farm and Resort, Naliwatan River Cottages and
some agricultural demo farms. Entering the town from the south, two rivers, 200 meters apart from each
other, cut through the poblacion and its barangays. Water flows from the mountains of south-eastern
barangays of the town of Carigara all the way to the town of Barugo, Tunga’s mother municipality, in
northwest direction. The Tunga River and Naliwatan River are part of what makes Tunga distinct.
There are several tourist accommodations and facilities in Tunga. The Aurora’s Garden Farm and Resort
have lodging rooms, cottages, eatery and swimming pool ideal for rest and recreation while the Beengo
farm has also a couple of rooms for their accommodation and treat their guests with native food e.g.
fern salad and “lupak”. Also to be found in Tunga, Leyte is the famous “Itros Chicharon” or deep fried
crackers made of dried carabao hide is a promising industry of the municipality. Chicharon is identified
“OTOP” product of the town. Because of this, it is hoped that this kind of industry will improve and its
market outlet will increase thus making the product known to the national market. Aside from chicharon,
some barangays are engaged in cottage industries such as mat weaving, basket making and
The local tourism industry has a great potential since ecological tourism is the trend worldwide and the
national government intends to develop Leyte as a major hub for tourists. Given the variety of natural
tourist spots in the municipality and its strategic location, Tunga can be a convergence area of foreign
and domestic tourists and visitors.
DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT
The risk areas in the municipality are the riverbanks, the catchment basin of Tunga River and Naliwatan
River and the hills with steep slopes in barangay Banawang, Tunga, Leyte
FLOOR PRONE AREAS
The Department of Environment and Natural Resources-Mines and Geosciences Bureau Regional Office
No. 8 (DENR-MGB VIII) conducted a landslide and flood assessment and mapping (1:10,000 scale) within
the Municipality of Tunga, Leyte on October 24-31, 2013. The assessment is in line with the government’s
efforts aimed at reducing, if not, totally mitigating the destructive effects and impacts of natural
on the populace. Comprising the geohazard assessment team are, Mr. Vincent G. Gascal and Ms. Leah
Mae Marie H. Gegare, geologists; Mr. Francisco G. Canuda, Geologic aide; Jose M. Dizon, Cartographer;
Gladys M. Legaspi, Data Encoder; Ronald A. Impang Jr., Computer Operator; Ronel S. Aloro Service,
vehicle driver, all from the MGB VIII regional office. The team particularly covered all eight (8)
of the municipality down to the purok and sitio level.
The flood susceptibility rating parameters are as follows:
High: Areas likely to experience flood heights of greater than 1 meter and/or flood duration
more than 3 days. These areas are immediately flooded during heavy rains of several hours;
include landforms of topographic lows such as active river channels, abandoned river channels
and areas along river banks; also prone to flash floods.
Moderate: Areas likely to experience flood heights of 0.5 to 1 meter and/or flood duration of
to 3 days. These areas are subject to widespread inundation during prolonged and extensive
heavy rainfall or extreme weather condition. Fluvial terraces, alluvial fans, and in filled valleys
are areas moderately subjected to flooding.
Low: Areas likely to experience flood heights of less than 0.5 meter and/or flood duration of
than 1 day. These areas include low hills and gentle slopes. They also have sparse to moderate
The MGB Team assessments:
- Two (2) barangays have high flood susceptibility – San Antonio and San Vicente
- Two (2) barangays have moderate flood susceptibility – Astorga and Banawang
- Four (4) barangays have low flood susceptibility – Balire, Santo Niño, San Pedro and San Roque
CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION
Historical and current extreme weather/climate event that have affected the municipality include El Nino
related droughts and La Nina- related floods. Tunga is also is exposed to tropical cyclones and
maximal values of 24-hour rains and winds, particular during the northeast monsoon season from October
to February. From the period 1948 to 2006, there were 33 tropical cyclones that crossed the Province of
Leyte or an average of one tropical cyclone every two years. For the same period, the number of tropical
cyclone which crossed the province and 100 kilometers from boundaries was 140 tropical cyclones or an
average of five every two years 3 One of the most intense tropical cyclone that directly crossed the
municipality was Typhoon Yolanda on November 8, 2013 with a peak intensity of 315 kilometer per hour
In 2020, projected temperature increase is 0.9 0C during the month of December to February, 1.2 0C in
the quarter from March to May, 1.1 0C during the 3-month period from June to August and 1.0 0C again
from September to November. The highest increase in mean temperature is definitely during its warmest
summer months. The projections for mean temperature increase in 2050 are quite higher with 1.8 0C, 2.3
0C, 2.2 0C and 1.9 0C in December to February, March to May, June to August, and September to
November respectively. The highest projected increase is during the warmest months of March, April and
May and also during the months of June, July and August
On the other hand, the projected increase in rainfall volume at 2020 climate change scenarios ranges
from negative (-) 8.9% in March to May to 9.5% in June to August. The middle values were projected at
7.4% in September to November and 3% in the quarter of December to February. Projected increase in
rainfall in Tunga in 2050 are higher with 9.4% in December to February, 19.6% in July to August, and
19.5% in September to November. The warm months of March to May will have a 18.9% decrease. A
19% increase in rainfall volume in June to August would most likely result to an increase of 200 mm
rainfall volume in 2050.
Indicated in the results of extreme daily temperature and rainfall- trends analysis is that the number
days and warm nights are increasing, with the number of cool days and cold night decreasing. Total
rainfall shows an increasing trend, with also an increase in the number or frequency and intensity of
extreme rain events. These indicate increasing maximum and minimum temperatures coupled with
increasing rainfall and thus increasing flooding risk. Climate expert identified the following future
Substantially increased rainfall, especially during the southwest monsoon (June to August),
more flooding, particularly from June to August and even September
Longer dry seasons with even less rainfall than at present level
Higher temperatures, bringing more evaporation and increased water requirements
Rain-fed agricultural areas will be severely affected
Harvested/collected rainwater will become less and groundwater sources will become lower
Standing crops could be unable to withstand flooding during the wetter
southwest monsoon months
The existing road networks of Tunga provide access to all its rural barangays to the urban center. The
Maharlika Highway is a main road artery linking the municipality to other places in the Philippines. The
existing roads are classified into national, provincial, municipal and barangay roads. The national road
has a length of 2.800 kilometers stretching from Barugo, Leyte at barangay Abango and Tunga, Leyte at
barangay Balire boundary in the north to Jaro, Leyte at barangay Hiagsam and Tunga, Leyte at barangay
San Vicente boundary in the south. The provincial road in the municipality includes the Tunga-Barugo
road to Amahit, Tunga-Barugo Road to Can-isak, Tunga-Carigara road via San Roque/San Antonio to
Binibihan, Tunga-Carigara road via San Antonio to Binibihan, Tunga-Carigara road via Balire to Cogon
and Tunga-Jaro road via San Vicente to Mag-aso with a total length of 11.250 kilometers. The existing
roads within the poblacion are municipal roads with a total length of 2.240 kilometers. The roads
as barangay roads have a total length of 4.320 kilometers. The longest road in the entire municipality
the San Vicente – Banawang road leading to Pitogo, Barugo, Leyte with a total length of 4.400
The total length of the road network in the municipality is 20.610 kilometers excluding the proposed
Astorga-Banawang road with an estimated length of 5.200 kilometers.
As to the type of road surface in 2018, 100% of the national roads are Portland Cement Concrete
Pavement (PCCP) and with Asphalt Armoring at Maharlika Highway. Higher percentage of the whole
length of the provincial roads and municipal roads are concreted at 81.47% and 85.27%, respectively.
Only 59.49% of barangay roads are concreted while the remaining 40.51% are unpaved with gravel and
earth surfacing. There are five (5) bridges in the municipality and the two (2) of which is along the
roads. Three (3) bridges are spillways reinforced by culverts. The two (2) bridges along the national
highway has 15-ton load capacity and on the state of repair and expansion since the implementation of
the widening program of national roads by the DPWH.
The mode of transportation in the inter-barangay mobility of people and products are mainly tricycles,
motorcycles (habal-habal) and trucks. Tricycles are the most common mode of public transportation in
the town proper. A road network system connects almost all the barangays to the Maharlika Highway and
other national roads traversing the town. The municipality is yet to establish a land transportation
which include a permanent public transport terminal for jeepneys, van and tricycles. There are two gas
refilling stations in the municipality located at barangay San Roque of this municipality. There are
automotive repair and vulcanizing shops for emergency and minor vehicle repairs.
Electricity in the municipality is distributed to the eight (8) barangays of the municipality through
Electric Cooperative III (LEYECO III), the local electric cooperative servicing the nine (9)
Northern Leyte, which is located at barangay San Roque, Tunga, Leyte. There is a total of 1,525
connections in the municipality as of March 31, 2020, of which 1,282 are residential, 70 are commercial,
16 are industrial, 23 are public buildings, 4 are for street lighting and 130 are BAPA consumers. The
of electricity per kilowatt hour by type of consumer is 10.19 for residential and BAPA consumers and
for commercial, industrial, public building and street lighting users. About 95.49% of households of
have electricity as of March 31, 2020.
The 2019 water facilities in Tunga are categorized into Level I, Level II and Level III water supply
Of the total 1,953 households documented in 2019, there are 41.27% with Level I water supply system of
which 386 households are using deep wells, 396 water pumps and 24 using developed spring. About
45.52% of households have piped-in water supply. Fifty-six (56) percent of urban households have Level
III water connection. In terms of access to toilets, 74% of households have sanitary toilets, 21.6% have
unsanitary toilets while 4.4% have no toilets.
ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES
Agricultural lands dominate the landscape of the municipality with a total aggregate area of 747.52
hectares or 84.99% of the total land area. The agricultural lands are primarily devoted to permanent
of palay, coconut and other crops. Vegetables, citrus, fruit trees, bananas and root crops are either
in areas not planted to permanent crops or serves as intercrop on coconut lands. Agricultural lands can
be found in all barangays except in the urban barangays of San Antonio and Santo Niño.
Urban use areas comprise only 4.80% of the total land area or 42.20 hectares. Residential areas covers
11.18 hectares, followed by roads and infrastructures with 13.133 hectares, institutional areas with
hectares and commercial areas with 1.61 hectares. The banks or easement of rivers and creeks are
categorized under water uses and covers 29.70 hectares or 3.38% of the total land area. Categorized
under other uses are cemeteries with 1.70 hectares, dumpsite/sanitary landfills with 0.53 hectares and
vacant lot with zero hectare as per the Municipal Assessor’s Office of the municipality.
Water resources are abundant in Tunga. The most prominent water resource is the extensive river system
of the municipality. The sources of the creeks and streams, which are the main feeders of the river
network, are springs which are located in the upland and hilly landscapes of volcanic hill landforms of
Carigara, Leyte. The total length of rivers is 8 kilometers, the total length of creeks is 0.50
there is 0.20 kilometers of dry creek.
Entering the town from the south, two rivers, 200 meters apart from each other, cut through the
and its barangays. Water flows from the mountains of south-eastern barangays of the town of Carigara
all the way to the town of Barugo, Tunga’s mother municipality, in northwest direction. The Tunga River
and Naliwatan River are part of what makes Tunga distinct. These two rivers are pristine, although it is
general knowledge that families who do not have adequate toilet facilities now use the river for their
hygiene and sanitation needs. While womenfolk of the town have traditionally done the family washing in
the river, both rivers have been kept clean and pristine over time. The easements of Tunga and Naliwatan
Rivers and creeks with an approximate area of 29.70 hectares are also considered as protection lands.
The present attitude of farmers towards crop production is already depleting the soil quality. High
variety seeds that are dependent on a large quantity of inorganic fertilizers and pesticides are
thereby upsetting the soil pH, fouling the air quality and contaminating the creeks and streams due to
over reliance to pesticides. Thus, even endemic fishes in the rice paddies, rivers and other inland
are already gone. The mono-cropping practices and inappropriate farming technologies have aggravated
further the already deteriorating state of the agricultural production areas.
In the built-up/urban areas the concentrations of human settlements, commerce, industry and public and
private services are found. It is also the educational centers are situated as well as the seat of the
governance of the municipality. This concentration of the human activity in the valley floor affects the
lowland environment. It is a must that proper and appropriate waste disposal, farming practices and use
of environmentally friendly products must be affected to negate the accumulation of pollution in the
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
In built-up areas, the most pressing environmental concern is the increasing volume of solid waste being
generated by the growing number of household and commercial establishments. The per capita waste
generation is rising as more Tungan-ons adopt a consumerist lifestyle and prefer disposable or single-
use products and non-biodegradable packaging materials. A waste characterization study in 2016 showed
that a high volume of biodegradable wastes is equivalent to 61%, it is followed by recyclables wastes
which is 31%. A residual waste of the entire municipality is only 6% from the total waste generated,
special waste is only 2%. The municipality must give priority on diverting biodegradable and recyclable
wastes since it comprises the large volume of the municipality’s wastes.
The LGU of Tunga has over the years been implementing programs for solid waste management and
urban area beautification. Collection and transport of solid waste are provided in the urban barangays
and three rural barangays by a fleet of a lone LGU garbage truck on scheduled basis. A final disposal
facility is maintained at a 0.522-hectare site in Barangay San Roque, Tunga, Leyte.
The open dumpsite has started implementing its closure and rehabilitation plan. Closure of said dumpsite
would be an advantage to the municipal government of Tunga because it means that the LGU is
complying the mandates of R.A. 9003 especially on the prohibition of operating an open/controlled
dumpsite. There would be no more leachate generation that would contaminate the ground water.
Local governance is divided into two major local government functions namely local administration and
local legislation. The overall local administrative functions are assumed by the mayor specifically the
implementation of the local policies and development plans and the supervision and control over the
local government personnel including the local police force. The local government policies, program,
projects and activities are carried out with the backstop of all concerned departments. The formulation
and enactment of local policies in the form of ordinances and resolutions is the function of the
Sangguniang Bayan composed of the vice-mayor as the presiding officer, eight elected councilors and
two ex-officio members. The municipal federation president of the Kabataang Barangay and the municipal
president of the League of Barangays are the two ex-officio members of the Sangguniang Bayan. The
Sangguniang Bayan members hold also positions as chairpersons or members of different working
committees of the local legislative council and assigned to a cluster of barangays to monitor community
affairs and the implementation of different programs, projects and activities of the municipality and
The functional structure of the local government unit is separated into executive and legislative
wherein both branches observe some levels of autonomy as a way of practicing separation of powers and
checks and balances. The major offices are the Office of the Mayor, the Office of the Sangguniang Bayan,
the Municipal Treasury Office, the Municipal Assessor’s Office, the Office of the Municipal Accountant,
the Office of the Municipal Budget Officer, the Municipal Planning and Development Office, the Office of
the Local Civil Registrar, the Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office, the Municipal
Environmental and Natural Resources Office and the four key service offices namely the Municipal Health
Office, the Municipal Agriculture Office, the Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office and the
Office of the Municipal Engineer.
Under the Office of the Mayor are the Secretary to the Mayor, the Clerks and the Human Resource
Management Officer. Attached to this office also are the Business and Licensing Section, and the Market
and Slaughterhouse Section. The Secretary to the Mayor acts as the executive secretary setting-up
appointments and documents and secures records and minutes of meetings involving the local chief
executive, prepares communications and entertains visitors in the office. The Human Resource
Management Office secures personnel profile and coordinates with the Personnel Selection Board and
the local office of the Civil Service Commission regarding placement, appointments, promotion and career
information assistance of local government personnel and also the office in the preparation of payrolls.
The attached sections at the Office of the Mayor namely the Municipal Permits and Licensing Section
process permits and licenses of business establishments, tricycles, bicycles and other business
The Market and Slaughterhouse Section oversee the operations of the public market and the municipal
The Office of the Sangguniang Bayan is composed of the Office of the Vice- Mayor and the Sangguniang
Bayan Members and the Office of the Sangguniang Bayan Secretary. The local legislative council function
is the formulation, preparation and approval of municipal ordinances and resolutions. Local policies
enacted originate from the Sangguniang Bayan and the Office of the Sangguniang Bayan through the
secretary of the local legislative council keep and secure all municipal ordinances and resolutions
The Municipal Treasurer’s Office assumes the local revenue collection and disbursement while the
Municipal Assessor’s Office administers the appraisal and assessment of real properties for valuation
tax purposes. The Office of the Budget Officer prepares the municipal budget and reviews the budget
prepared by the different barangays of the municipality. The Office of the Municipal Accountant assumes
the nitty-gritty work of bookkeeping, installation of financial system for internal control, secures
books and prepares the regular financial records. These local offices have functions that deal with
generation and fiscal management.
The Municipal Planning and Development Office and the Office of the Municipal Engineer share and
coordinate their tasks directly on development planning, project feasibility study and project proposal
preparation, engineering design, infrastructure project implementation and supervision and on project
monitoring and evaluation. The Local Civil Registry Office maintains records and documents on birth and
death of people in the municipality and civil cases. The Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction and
Management Office is tasked with setting the direction, development, implementation and coordination of
disaster risk management programs. The Municipal Environmental and natural Resources Office is
tasked in implementation of the Solid Waste Management PPAs, Garbage Collection and Disposal and
any other regulations of environmental related activities in the municipality.
The frontline offices of the local government in the delivery of basic public services are the Municipal
Agriculture Office, the Municipal Health Office and the Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office.
The Municipal Agriculture Office task is geared towards agricultural productivity improvement through
provision of goods and services ranging from farm inputs distribution, farm technology extension
and the establishments of demonstration farms, nurseries and on farm pre and post production facilities.
The Municipal Health Office provides basic health services on primary health care and public health
specifically on maternal and child health care, water and sanitation, nutrition, family planning,
program of immunization and preventive medicine. The Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office
conducts training and counselling for disadvantage sectors and extends emergency assistance including
relief and rehabilitation services during calamities. Protection and welfare of children, youth and
disadvantage women, persons with disability and elderly are primary concerns of this office.
In 2018, the total workforce of the Local Government Unit is 91 broken down as follows: 29 career and
non-career, 50 job orders and 12 elective officials. There were zero/none for contractual and
in the past two years.
Tunga is a sixth-class municipality with a total operating income of PhP 45,520,385.35 in 2018. The two
revenue sources are local sources and external sources. Locally generated income comprises tax which
is 2.33% of the total income and non-tax revenues which is 3.54%. Revenues from external sources
consist of share from Internal Revenue Allotment and miscellaneous income (grants and donations) which
is 94.13% of the total income in 2018. The municipality’s total expenditures for 2018 totalled PhP
36,581,147.84 which is a 10.85% increase than the expenditures of PhP 33,001,892.43 in 2017. In the
preceding period the expenditures were 9.37% lower in 2016 which totalled PhP 30,174,930.64. The
largest expense went to general public services at 69.42%, social services at 8.78%, economic & public
utility at 7.32%, infrastructure development services at 7.08%, agricultural services at 3.38%, disaster
reduction and management at 3.21%, and environmental & management services at 0.82%.
Financial Management Indicators
|Total LGU income (millions)
|Proportion of tax revenue to total income
|Proportion of non-tax revenue to total income
|Proportion of tax and non-tax revenue to total income
|Actual RPT collection (millions)
|Actual IRA collection (millions)